Acromion: the outer end of the spine of the scapula that forms the outer angle of the shoulder, and articulates with the collarbone


Asphyxia: a lack of oxygen or excess of carbon dioxide in the body that is usually caused by interruption of breathing and that causes unconsciousness


Barrett’s oesophagus: A condition where the cells of the oesophagus grow abnormally.


Casein: a family of milk-based phosphoproteins


Cerebral cortex: the convoluted surface layer of gray matter of the brain


Contractures: a permanent shortening (as of muscle, tendon, or scar tissue) producing deformity or distortion


Fundus: the greater curvature of the stomach


Gastrojejunal: moving from the stomach to the lower part of the small intestine (the jejunum)


Jejunostomy: the surgical formation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the jejunum



Malleolus: an expanded projection or process at the distal extremity of each bone of the leg


Micronutrient (also known as trace element): an organic compound (as a vitamin) essential in minute amounts to the growth and health of an animal


Nasojejunal: moving from the nasal cavity to the lower part of the small intestine


Pre-eclampsia: a serious condition developing in late pregnancy that is characterised by a sudden rise in blood pressure, excessive weight gain, generalised oedema, proteinuria, severe headache, and visual disturbances


Pulmonary aspiration: the taking of foreign matter into the lungs with the inspired breath


Reflux oesophagitis: inflammation of the oesophagus caused by return of gastric contents from the stomach.


Retching: making an effort to vomit


Rumination: the act or process of regurgitating and chewing again previously swallowed food


Scoliosis: a lateral curvature of the spine


Superomedial: situated above and at or toward the midline


Ventricles: the fluid-filled cavities within the brain


Whey: the serum or watery part of milk that is separated from the coagulable part, and which is rich in lactose, minerals, and vitamins and contains lactalbumin and traces of fat.


White matter: neural tissue of the brain and spinal cord that consists largely of large nerve fibres bundled into tracts, and which typically underlies the gray matter.


An introduction to feeding children (0-18 years) with neurodisability

A short accredited eLearning course for registered dietitians

and associated healthcare professionals














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Date of review: April 2016           Copyright Nestle UK Limited