Acromion: the outer end of the spine of the scapula that forms the outer angle of the shoulder, and articulates with the collarbone
Asphyxia: a lack of oxygen or excess of carbon dioxide in the body that is usually caused by interruption of breathing and that causes unconsciousness
Barrett’s oesophagus: A condition where the cells of the oesophagus grow abnormally.
Casein: a family of milk-based phosphoproteins
Cerebral cortex: the convoluted surface layer of gray matter of the brain
Contractures: a permanent shortening (as of muscle, tendon, or scar tissue) producing deformity or distortion
Fundus: the greater curvature of the stomach
Gastrojejunal: moving from the stomach to the lower part of the small intestine (the jejunum)
Jejunostomy: the surgical formation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the jejunum
Malleolus: an expanded projection or process at the distal extremity of each bone of the leg
Micronutrient (also known as trace element): an organic compound (as a vitamin) essential in minute amounts to the growth and health of an animal
Nasojejunal: moving from the nasal cavity to the lower part of the small intestine
Pre-eclampsia: a serious condition developing in late pregnancy that is characterised by a sudden rise in blood pressure, excessive weight gain, generalised oedema, proteinuria, severe headache, and visual disturbances
Pulmonary aspiration: the taking of foreign matter into the lungs with the inspired breath
Reflux oesophagitis: inflammation of the oesophagus caused by return of gastric contents from the stomach.
Retching: making an effort to vomit
Rumination: the act or process of regurgitating and chewing again previously swallowed food
Scoliosis: a lateral curvature of the spine
Superomedial: situated above and at or toward the midline
Ventricles: the fluid-filled cavities within the brain
Whey: the serum or watery part of milk that is separated from the coagulable part, and which is rich in lactose, minerals, and vitamins and contains lactalbumin and traces of fat.
White matter: neural tissue of the brain and spinal cord that consists largely of large nerve fibres bundled into tracts, and which typically underlies the gray matter.
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Date of review: April 2016 Copyright Nestle UK Limited