Asphyxia: a lack of oxygen or excess of carbon dioxide in the body that is usually caused by interruption of breathing and that causes unconsciousness.
Barrett’s oesophagus: an abnormal change of the lining of the lower esophagus that occurs especially as a result of chronic gastroesophageal reflux, which is associated with an increased risk for oesophageal cancer.
Casein: a family of milk-based phosphoproteins.
Cerebral cortex: the convoluted surface layer of gray matter of the brain.
Fundus: the greater curvature of the stomach.
Gastrojejunal: moving from the stomach to the lower part of the small intestine (the jejunum).
Jejunostomy: the surgical formation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the jejunum.
Mastication: to grind, crush, and chew food with the teeth in preparation for swallowing.
Nasojejunal: moving from the nasal cavity to the lower part of the small intestine.
Pre-eclampsia: a serious condition developing in late pregnancy that is characterised by a sudden rise in blood pressure, excessive weight gain, generalised oedema, proteinuria, severe headache, and visual disturbances
Reflux oesophagitis: inflammation of the oesophagus caused by return of gastric contents from the stomach.
Retching: making an effort to vomit.
Rumination: the act or process of regurgitating and chewing again previously swallowed food.
Ventricles: the fluid-filled cavities within the brain.
Whey: the serum or watery part of milk that is separated from the coagulable part, and which is rich in lactose, minerals, and vitamins and contains lactalbumin and traces of fat.
White matter: neural tissue of the brain and spinal cord that consists largely of large nerve fibres bundled into tracts, and which typically underlies the gray matter.
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Date of review: April 2016 Copyright Nestle UK Ltd